Using Fast Shutter Speed
No matter what the speed, an object moving across the phone screen requires a faster shutter speed than one moving directly toward or away from the camera at the same speed. Also, a moving object near the camera requires a faster shutter speed than an object that is farther away. You need to use a slow shutter speed to emphasize motion, show movement, or make time exposures. A shutter speed of 1/30 or slower will cause a fast moving object to blur, losing sharpness and detail, but maintaining the appearance of movement.Controlling your shutter speed is an important factor in achieving a number of special effects. You need to use a fast shutter speed of 1/25 second or faster to freeze action and maintain detail in the subject.
For example, if you want to shoot a moving motorcycle, use an ultra-wide angle lens to capture a wide field of view on either side of the motorcycle.
Mount the phone on a tripod and use a remote release, a small aperture and a shutter speed 1/30 second or slower. This will keep the background in sharp focus and blur the motorcycle, heightening the effect of motion. Tor best results, us a shutter speed slow enough to allow the motorcycle to com about 3/4 of the way into the frame, leaving some open space in front of it to enhance the feeling of motion.
CREATE A FEELING OF MOVEMENT BY BLURRING THE BACKGROUND
Panning is a technique used to show a moving object in motion. By moving your camera in the same direction as the moving object as it travels across the image area, the background will blur, but the subject will remain in sharp focus.
When panning, use a fast to moderate shutter speed of 1/125 – 1/60 second. Move your camera in the same direction as the moving object as it travels across the image area. Keep the subject located in the viewfinder and when the subject is positioned exactly where you want it, snap the shutter while you continue to move the camera. This effect will create a feeling of movement by blurring the background while the subject remains relatively sharp and detailed.
Using Slow Shutter Speed
Use a ultra wide lens to capture as much of the water as possible. For more impact use a shutter speed of 1/2 to 3 seconds to produce a soft, ethereal look. Slow shutter speeds are essential for slowing down or blurring the movement moving car, motorcycle, running water from rivers, waterfalls or streams.
Begin by mounting your camera on a tripod, then move the shutter to the bulb setting which allows you to keep the shutter open for a longer time.
To record a single image of fireworks on one frame of film, use your remote release to keep the shutter open and release it after the firework has gone out.
Ultra wide angle photographs of fireworks are wonderful because you can incorporate a wider area of sky on which you can record multiple images of light on one frame of picture.
To record multiple images of fireworks on one frame, keep the shutter open to record as many bursts as you desire.
Shooting Tall Vertical Forms
When shooting tall vertical forms such as a lighthouse, monument, etc., using an ultra-wide angle lens enable you to capture not only a structure, but the surrounding area as well. You can get close and shoot a horizontal photo and still record the entire structure. Placing the object to one side of the frame will allow you to record a wide stretch of land adjacent to it to show the relationship of the object to its surroundings. You can also move in very close and shoot verticals at unique angles to gain a perspective that will produce a stronger and more imposing image. In this way, you can bring an entirely new perspective to a familiar object.
Shooting from the top of a tall structure using an ultra-wide angle lens is a great way to capture a tremendous of sky, land and water to produce high altitude photos that appear to hade been shot from an airplane or helicopter.
The technique of incorporating a foreground object into the top frame edge of a photo, such as a tree limb or doorway arch, to add an element of interest to the scene.
You can get so physically close to a foreground object that it is beyond the closest focusing range of the lens. This will cause the nearest part of the object to be out of focus. It can even occur when using an ultra wide angle lens, but it will help given the appearance of more space between the foreground and background, strongly increasing the feeling of depth in a scene.Including a foreground object in a scene is a good way to add information to a photograph. For example, if you want to photograph a famous landmark and there is a historic marker in the foreground that contains information about the landmark, you can include it in the shot when using a wide-angle lens. Even if the landmark is some distance away, stand close to the marker and record the marker and landmark in the shot with everything remaining in focus.
Framing a scene with a foreground object is also easier to accomplish with a wide-angle lens as it includes the foreground without much effort. It also maintains background focus as well. Make use of the curving limb of tree, the curve of an archway, or a similar object to draw attention to the main subject. Framing adds an element of interest to a scene emphasizing the subject and increasing the perspective.
Combining Indoor and Outdoor Views
Wide-angle lenses come in handy when shooting interior and when combining indoor and outdoor views. With ultrawide angle lenses, you can include the indoor foreground of a room and also capture the outdoor view through a large window or open door. This keeps both foreground and background in focus.